The Saturn archetype represents our need for structure and limits. It shows our relationship to reality, necessity and time, keeping us grounded and secure. It reveals the facts of existence: suffering, old age and death, and the workings of karma and justice. Saturn is the ruler of Capricorn. The symbol is the cross of matter above the crescent of the soul.
Keywords for Saturn:
In Greek mythology we have Kronos (or Cronos), an earth and fertility god. Kronos is the son of Ouranos and Gaia, who between them created the manifest universe. Kronos led the rebellion of his fellow Titans against his father, castrating him with a sickle, and replacing him as king of the gods. But it didn’t last long.
Kronos was to be overthrown by his own son, Zeus, in turn. In an attempt to prevent this happening, he devoured his own children, but was tricked by his wife Rhea so that Zeus survived. Kronos is depicted as an old man.
Saturn is the Roman equivalent to the Greek Kronos but is generally more benign, less power crazed. Saturn is a god of fertility and the harvest, and ruled over a Golden Age of harmony and peace. Every year he was celebrated in a festival called the Saturnalia, with much drinking, eating and merriment. Saturnalia later became incorporated into the Christian festival of Christmas.
Saturn Myths on Film
Judge Dredd is set in a future where the Earth has become a wasteland. Most of humanity live in Mega-Cities and are presided over by Judges who function as police, judge, jury and executioner combined. Judge Dredd, played by Sylvester Stallone, is the most dedicated of these Judges, but when he is framed for the murder of a journalist and sentenced to life imprisonment, he discovers a secret about his past and the Janus project, and sets out to clear his name.
Is Anybody There? tells the story of 10 year old Edward, played by Bill Milner, who lives in an old people’s home and is obsessed with ghosts and the afterlife. He forms a fragile friendship with one of the residents, a retired magician called Clarence, played by Michael Caine. Clarence encourages young Edward to take more of an interest in the world of the living, while Edward helps Clarence confront the ghosts from his past.